The European Green Belt, our shared natural heritage along the line of the former Iron Curtain, is to be conserved and restored as an ecological network connecting high-value natural and cultural landscapes while respecting the economic, social and cultural needs of local communities.



Intercultural and Interdisciplinary

The Green Belt is a multi-stakeholder initiative that works with many governmental and non-governmental organisations in all the countries involved. The Green Belt consists of members from all over Europe engaged in working along the former border between East and West.

A wide variety of actors is active in the European Green Belt initiative. Members include national and international NGOs, government agencies responsible for nature conservation and regional development, the authorities responsible for managing protected areas, and the initiative’s Regional Coordinators and National Focal Points.

Cross-border and cross-sector partnerships for sustainable regional development make the Green Belt a tool that enables us to reposition nature conservation as a major resource.

Political dimension

The European Green Belt connects 16 EU countries, four candidate countries (Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Turkey), two potential candidates (Kosovo, Albania) and two non-EU countries (Russia and Norway). The initiative is an excellent geopolitical, ecopolitical and cultural opportunity for the EU.

The initiative offers excellent possibilities for trans-border cooperation between countries and regions, and for the establishment of sustainable regional development. Considering the extraordinary combination of nature, culture and history as a unique selling proposition and competitive advantage in the structurally weak areas along the Green Belt, such sustainable development could come through ecotourism in particular. Other clear potential benefits include the historical documentation and study of the Cold War, as well as the integration of old and new EU-member states, candidate countries, potential EU candidates and non-EU countries.