The European Green Belt, our shared natural heritage along the line of the former Iron Curtain, is to be conserved and restored as an ecological network connecting high-value natural and cultural landscapes while respecting the economic, social and cultural needs of local communities.



Memorial Landscape

The European Green Belt is an exceptional symbol of European history. This living memorial reminds us of the peaceful overcoming of the Cold War and the Iron Curtain. It is a physical reminder in the landscape of the turbulent and often tragic history of the 20th century.

No future without a past

One main aim of the European Green Belt initiative is to preserve this lifeline as a memorial landscape. Remains of border fortifications (watchtowers, patrol paths, ditches or border buildings) provide a vivid picture of the inhumanity of the border regime.

Along the Green Belt, you will find many projects and activities dedicated to making history visible and experiential: For instance a map of the region’s military legacy, and guidelines aimed at ensuring the safe use and maintenance of military objects in combination with nature tourism in Latvia on the Baltic coast. Or there is the "Experience Green the Belt" project along the inner-German Green Belt, which makes razed villages visible again and works with students to collect oral history by interviewing contemporary eyewitnesses. The Iron Curtain Trail (EuroVelo13) invites people to experience the nature, history and culture of the border regions by bike.