The European Green Belt, our shared natural heritage along the line of the former Iron Curtain, is to be conserved and restored as an ecological network connecting high-value natural and cultural landscapes while respecting the economic, social and cultural needs of local communities.



Interreg IV B Project "Baltic Green Belt"

Working together for a sustainable Baltic Sea coast

January 2009 - April 2012

The project family along the European Green Belt has born a new descendent: In January 2009, the EU INTERREG IV B supported project Baltic Green Belt has saw the light of day. As the framework for nature conservation and sustainable development along the Baltic Coast between Lübeck (Germany) and the Finno-Russian border, the project bridged the last gap in the European Green Belt.

For decades, many coastal strips along the former socialist countries were completely or partly closed to public access. Not only did these strips demark national borders, but even constituted a barrier separating two systems. Similar to terrestrial border strips, these areas preserved vast almost pristine stretches of coastland. Some of them were successfully designated as nature reserves or national parks after collapse of the Soviet Union. However, many pearls of nature up to now grace the water line both above and below the water surface – largely undiscovered, unrecognised an unprotected. Sea weed forests and sea grass meadows, bogs and beach walls, lagoons, bays and many other submarine and terrestrial paradises are typical of the Green Belt along the Baltic Sea. The project Baltic Green Belt wants to foster the conservation of these treasures of nature and to give examples of their sustainable development. To this end, a project community led by the University of Kiel (CAU) unites the Baltic NGO network Coalition Clean Baltic (CCB) with IUCN as well as 13 NGOs and public partners and 10 associated organisations from Germany, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Russia.


  • Development of an ecological network under the umbrella of the European Green Belt initiative following the Green Belt vision
  • Collaboration of environmental NGOs, universities and public authorities for a sustainable development of the coast
  • Protection of the environment and natural resources; improvement of the ecological status of the marine and terrestrial Baltic Sea area (addressing e.g. eutrophication, waste water, agriculture, tourism, …)
  • Supporting the implementation of the HELCOM Baltic Sea action plan for the protection of the Baltic Sea
  • Evaluation of the implementation of international agreements for coastal protection along the Baltic Green Belt
  • Identification of barriers and success factors/indicators of sustainable coastal development

Project website

Project period: January 2009 until January 2012; project budget: 2,45 Mio Euro

Coalition Clean Baltic

Helsinki Commission (HELCOM)

Part-financed by the European Union INTERREG IV B Baltic Sea Region Programme


Part-financed by the European Union
(European Regional Development Fund and European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument)

Baltic Green Belt is partly financed by the European Union (ERDF) within the Interreg IVB Baltic Sea Region Programme 2007-2013