The European Green Belt, our shared natural heritage along the line of the former Iron Curtain, is to be conserved and restored as an ecological network connecting high-value natural and cultural landscapes while respecting the economic, social and cultural needs of local communities.



Route of the Green Belt

The Green Belt spans 24 countries, running for ca. 12,500 kilometres from the northern tip of Europe through Central Europe and on to the Black, Ionian and Adriatic Seas.

The course followed by the Green Belt is a legacy of history. For decades this line was a symbol for the political and ideological divisions between the European powers. Most of the areas along the Green Belt were long a forbidden zone where no activity was allowed. The “Iron Curtain” was one of the most divisive barriers in Europe. The only positive outcome of this strongly guarded borderline has been the preservation of some of the most important remaining habitats for biodiversity from almost all of Europe’s biogeographical regions.

The route of the Green Belt reveals highly impressive and sensitive landscapes, and is home to the natural flora and fauna typical to the regions along its course. As it passes through many different regions and countries, the Green Belt presents itself in many different ways resulting from the various countries’ immense political, biological and socio-economic diversity.